These are five of the most important inventions of their kind patented in the United States between 1794 and 1851, Cyrus McCormick. At the end of the 18th and 19th century, Great Britain experienced an industrial revolution with innovations that still affect current social, cultural and economic conditions. This period of innovation and invention extended, and throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, the United States experienced its own industrial revolution. Here are 8 of the most important inventions and innovations of the American Industrial Revolution.
Invented by Eli Whitney in Georgia in 1793, the cotton gin machine was used to separate cotton seeds from raw cotton. This machine allowed much faster production times to clean cotton, something that enslaved people used to do. When done by hand, it may take an entire day to clean a pound of cotton, but with the cotton shredder, 51 pounds of cotton can be cleaned per day. This invention paved the way for the mass production of cotton-based products.
In 1837, an Illinois blacksmith named John Deere invented the steel plow. Previously, farmers used cast-iron plows, which easily accumulated in the land, making them cumbersome to work with and needed constant cleaning. The steel plow could be polished so that soil would not adhere to it. Like the cotton gin, the invention was a commercial success and allowed for more efficient agricultural practices.
In fact, the company John Deere still makes agricultural and agricultural equipment that is used all over the world. This aircraft had a wooden structure covered with cotton cloth and sealed, and the engine was powerful enough to fly the plane without weighing down. Since then, the invention of the airplane has had a profound impact on war, travel and the environment. Although he didn't invent the sewing machine, Elias Howe patented the first sewing machine in 1846, which improved on an earlier version invented by Walter Hunt.
This new machine used a closed stitch, drawing thread from two different sources to reinforce the stitches. In 1855, Isaac Singer motorized the sewing machine, making it adaptable for domestic use and revolutionizing the clothing and footwear industry. The Scottish-American inventor Alexander Graham Bell was one of many who worked on the transmission of sound through electric current in the late 19th century, but Bell was the first to patent the telephone and market it. In New Jersey, in 1877, Thomas Edison invented the phonograph.
This device can record and play back sounds. To record, you spoke into a cylinder connected to the device and sound waves moved a needle in the device, creating a groove in a piece of aluminum foil. The sound could then be reproduced with a stylus that traced the groove and made it reproduce the sound. This first record player still has an impact on the music business and on the way we listen to music.
Thanks to its application in manufacturing and as a source of energy in ships and railway locomotives, the steam engine increased the productive capacity of factories and led to the great expansion of national and international transport networks in the 19th century. Great inventions, such as the light bulb, dominate the history books, but we suppose that anyone who undergoes surgery would choose anesthesia as their favorite product of the Industrial Revolution. Before their invention, the solution to a given ailment was often much worse than the ailment itself. One of the biggest challenges in extracting a tooth or removing a limb was holding the patient during the process, and substances such as alcohol and opium did little to improve the experience.
Today, of course, we can thank anesthesia for the fact that few of us have any memories of painful surgeries. The suitability of ether as anesthesia for longer operations was soon demonstrated (although it is still debated who exactly we should attribute the credit to), and surgery has been a little less dreadful ever since. Like the accelerated V-8 engines and high-speed jets that fascinate us now, steam technology was also cutting-edge in the past and played a fundamental role in promoting the Industrial Revolution. Before this era, transportation was carried out in horse carriages and carts, and certain industries, such as mining, were labor intensive and inefficient.
The creation of the first steam engine (and later of the steam locomotive) was about to dramatically change all that. Open your kitchen cabinets and you're sure to find an invention from the Industrial Revolution particularly useful. It turns out that the same period that brought us steam engines also altered the way we store our food. In addition to the steam engine, this important invention of the industrial era could be the most notable when it comes to commerce.
Whether it's the contents of your sock drawer or the trendiest piece of clothing, advances in the textile industry during the Industrial Revolution made mass production possible. The spinner played an important role in these developments. Edison's invention was so successful that he created the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of New York in 1880. The first gasoline-powered internal combustion engine, also based on Otto's four-stroke design, was invented by German engineer Gottlieb Daimler in 1885.The invention of the coke fired blast furnace gave rise to many other inventions for which the Industrial Revolution is known.
Three of the most influential inventions were the coke fired furnace, the steam engine and the spinning machine, all of which increased production capacities in large quantities in many parts of Europe. The first transoceanic voyage using steam energy was completed in 1819 by the Savannah, an American sailboat with an auxiliary steam vane. While rubber technology advanced rapidly, another invention of the Industrial Revolution stumbled with uncertainty. Several other inventors working on light bulb inventions at the time merged their companies with theirs, forming General Electric.
Although George Cayley invented a manned glider in 1853, Orville and Wilbur Wright invented the first non-wind-powered aircraft in 1903.Like other inventors on this list, Edison wasn't the first to create a light bulb, but his invention dramatically improved the object's practicality, making it a commercial success. Like many of the inventions of the Industrial Revolution, the tire simultaneously rested on the shoulders of giants and ushered in a new wave of inventions. Two 19th century inventions, the electric telegraph and the electric telephone, made reliable instant communication over long distances possible for the first time. Although all three of these inventions were fundamental to the progress of the industrial revolution.