Electric light bulb Perhaps the most famous American inventor of all time is Thomas Edison. In fact, National Inventors Day is celebrated on their birthday. How do you measure innovation? It's not like examining a stock index. Should we analyze the citations? Who do the inventors claim to have inspired them? Or is it more of a “feeling”? One of the most common ways to determine how important a particular invention or patent proved to be is to review the number of citations it received in future patents.
While this is a decent idea, it has problems. The Patent and Trademark Office only systematically recorded citations after 1947, long after many great inventors had done their best work. Second, when we have appointments, they are usually incomplete. For example, it is possible that an inventor or patent employee was unaware of other similar patents.
These deficiencies are the reasons why the team resorted to language that describes a patent for their new model. The model is based on natural language processing techniques to review patents for related terms in the technical explanation included in each patent. If two patents contain common terms, such as “electricity” or “oil”, they can be considered at least somewhat related. It also takes into account the novelty of a term, such as when it is first used, as well as how often the term is used later.
The system makes it possible to measure the similarity of two patents and to map networks of relationships, although it turns out that most patents have little to do with each other. Of course, no method is perfect. This model failed to give high scores to some important innovations, namely pasteurization and Morse code. However, barring some errors, the method is capable of identifying new and important inventions throughout the history of the United States.
While they do not provide a specific list, the authors give examples of inventions that were novel and set the course for future innovations. Perhaps the main of these examples is that of Nikola Tesla's electromagnetic motor (patent 381.96). Before this, there were no patents referring to alternating current, but many did so later. Tesla's alternating current motor is also used as the main example of an invention that causes a “scientific regime change”, that is, once alternating current was invented, it became commonplace in electrical technology, increasing the comparative importance of the first patent.
Another invention referred to by the authors is the patent 4750, an improved sewing machine by Elias Howe. While not significantly related to any previous patents, it is closely related to 16 patents issued over the next decade. Many of them were in the hands of Howe and his compatriots, who created the first patent fund. Not all extremely important inventions apparently came out of nowhere.
The patent 493,426 for one of the first film projectors is closely related to two previous inventions and a dozen more in the following decade. Among them was the predecessor of the modern film camera. Other highly innovative patents that identify are the Wright brothers' patent for a “flying machine” (patent 821.39), several related to concrete and many related to antibiotics and their production; all of Enrico Fermi's patents related to nuclear reactors, Robery Noyce's microchip (patent 2,981,87) and nylon patent (2,071,250). The authors' method also showed in which industries and when important innovations were taking place in the U.S.
UU. As shown, innovative technology changes over time. In the early 19th century, when industrialization took hold, most of the pioneering work focused on transportation and textiles. Later in that century, electrical devices became possible and several inventions were produced.
Chemicals and oil dominate in the mid-20th century, while computers have received the attention of major inventors more recently. If you're looking for similar types of content about American history, check out articles about famous people from New York State. It also gives an idea of where innovation occurred in the last 200 years of American history and points to some of the most innovative inventions of all time. The Ferris wheel was the United States' answer to the French Eiffel Tower, one of many wonderful proposals designed to inspire awe and awe in American hearts.
Both Native Americans and non-natives were involved in inventing new things, ranging from food to tools for household appliances. With so many impressive inventions to date, the United States has definitely left its mark on the world. The manufacturing industry of the past and the present has witnessed the effects of many of those American inventions that revolutionized technologies and shaped modern industries. The first patent in the history of North America was granted to Samuel Winslow in 1641 for inventing a new method for making salt.
Just as the first American inventions paved the way for modernization, there are also some well-known American inventions after the 1950s that helped in the medical and scientific fields. There are many other impressive inventions (both non-American and American, of course) that haven't been mentioned here, but these 20 stand out. However, it is generally believed that Wire was the first American to invent the traffic light as we know it today. Here is a list of 20 things invented by Americans that have become part of everyday life here and around the world.
However, numerous reincarnations of the wheel have been created, which remain a staple of American theme parks and fairs to this day. Just as American inventions contributed equitably to the world's manufacturing and growth industries, so have there been many agricultural innovations that shaped the domestic agricultural industry, as well as that of the world, in modern times. Traffic lights were invented in the United States, but they give credit to the first one, who was Garrett Morgan, not to Lester Wire. .